Skip to main content

Why do we forget? Causes of forgetting | Trace Decay Theory | Motivated Forgetting

We forget things to recall that is why we forget, either these are the phone numbers of our relatives or names of people, homework given to students by their teachers, ID or PAN numbers, dates or days, birthday of our friends or family members etc. You may notice at your childhood when you were asked to bring some vegetables or anything else from the market you may completely forget for what you were sent and why you were there, even we can't remember where we put our keys. So forgetting is a common problem that can have both minor and serious consequences.  This apparent contradiction in functionality opens up the question of why we forget some things but remember others.

Brain Pic| Credit Shafiqhub

Don't be panic it is possible to solve this problem, shafiqhub promise that you will not forget anything after reading to this article.
Let's understand the problem firstly and then we will come to the solution..........

Why do we forget? 

From Wikipedia
"Forgetting or dis remembering is the apparent loss or modification of information already encoded and stored in an individual's short or long-term memory. It is a spontaneous or gradual process in which old memories are unable to be recalled from memory storage."


One of today's best-known memory researchers, Elizabeth Loftus, has identified four major reasons why people forget: Retrieval failure, Interference, Failure to store, and Motivated forgetting. Let's discuss all of them one by one.......

01. Retrieval failure


Also known as cue-dependent forgetting. This is associated with problem in retrieving or accessing information from long term memory or short term. The information cannot be accessed because the retrieval cues are not present. This can be understand betterly with the help of Trace decay theory. 

Trace Decay Theory| Credit Shafiq hub
This theory tells us, when an individual learns something new, a neurochemical traces is created. The information get stored in these traces, in short term memory. According to a research short term memory lost in 20-30 seconds. If the information stored in short term memory is not recalled at a particular instant of time, it will fade away with the passage of time and can't be retrieved correctly. We will understand it with an example: Let's imagine a message written in sand, with every ocean wave that flows over the shore making the writing less legible until it eventually disappears entirely. The sand represents the web of brain cells that form a memory in the brain, and the ocean waves represent time passing.

02. Interference

Interference occurs when information is similar in format gets in the way of information that someone is trying to recall. When we write/learn a new information which is similar to the old information. Actually we do overwrite to the old information with new one. These memories interfere with each other and disrupt one another.
There are two types of Interference:

a). Retroactive interference is when more recent information gets in the way of trying to recall older information. An example would be calling your ex-boyfriend/girlfriend by your new boyfriend/girlfriend’s name. The new name retroactively interferes with the old one, which is clearly problematic for recall.


b). Proactive interference is the reverse direction of interference to retroactive interference. This is when old information prevents the recall of newer information. This could, for example, occur with telephone numbers. When trying to recall a new phone number, the old phone number you have previously had for years could proactively interfere with the recall, to the point when it is very difficult to remember the new number.

Weaknesses of the theory
Limited scope: This theory only can explain lack of recall when information in a similar format prevents recall. This means that there are many types of recall that are not explained by this theory.

Poor ecological validity: Like much of memory research there is a problem with the validity of the research that supports the theory. It is predominantly laboratory based and therefore does not test everyday recall.

03. Failure to Store

When forgetting is not associated with these causes discussed above. Sometimes peoples failed to fetch information from the source. While learning, the information firstly goes to the short term memory space of brain. This information lost in 20-30 seconds and if it is recalled in time, it will goes to the long term memory space of brain. Encoding failure prevent information from entering the long term memory. Encoding means understanding the real and hidden meaning in the given information. If encoding don't happen correctly there is no significance of information to our prefrontal cortex. Our brain will lose the information which doesn't mean at all. For example, if you give a book (which you are interested in) to your friend to read, after reading the whole book he/she will say , this ia good book, I like it. He/she will not tell you what he/she take from the book. The reason is simple, he/she is unable to store the information contained in book.

04. Motivated Forgetting

Motivated forgetting arises from a great motive or desire to forget. It is the theorized psychological behavior in which people may forget unwanted memories especially those of traumatic or disturbing events or experiences. Painful memories can be upsetting and anxiety-provoking, so there are times we may desire to eliminate them. The two basic forms of motivated forgetting are suppression, which is a conscious form of forgetting, and repression, an unconscious form of forgetting.
However, the concept of repressed memories is not universally accepted by all the psychologists. One of the problems with repressed memories is that it is difficult, if not impossible, to scientifically study whether or not a memory has been repressed.
Also note that mental activities such as rehearsal and remembering are important ways of strengthening memory, and memories of painful or traumatic life events are far less likely to be remembered, discussed, or rehearsed.

A Word From Shafiq Hub
While forgetting is not something that you can avoid, but understanding the reasons for it can be useful. We may forget varieties of reasons and in some cases a number of factors may influence why we struggle to recall information and experience. Understanding some of the factors that influence forgetting can make it easier to put memory-improvement strategies into practice. In next article we will talk about solutions of forgetting.

If you found something useful in this article please forward it to others.

Comments

Popular Posts

How to Setup Link or Add Freenom Domain to Blogger | Freenom Blogger Setting

After purchasing a free domain from freenom you need to connect it to blogger. To connect freenom domain with blogger you need to do some blogger setting and some setting on freenom website. Here you will learn connecting freenom account with blogger step by step. Follow all the steps given below: Step 01: Firstly open setting and go to Basic then click on  Setup third party URL for your blog  to add custom domain. A box will open and then enter your freenom domain there. Click on save. Step 02: Now the most important  point is to copy these four IDs.          Step 03:-  Open freenom and go to "My  domains". Step 04: Now go to "Manage Domains". Step 05: Click on "Management Tools". Step 06:  Click on "Nameservers". Step 07: Select "Use default nameservers".   Step 08: Click on "Manage Freenom DNS". Step 09: Click on more record. Step 10: Fill four records as it is.

Download Mod Whatsapp apk Latest Version 2020

What is Whatsapp Mod Apk? Whatsapp is known be the biggest social media. Nowadays people share text, videos, audios, photos and many more with whatsapp app. The official whatsapp app comes with only few features but developer had modified the earlier  app with the latest features. Now whatsapp mod apk had come with extra features in it, like hiding Double Ticks, Change Themes, Set Online Status, Use WhatsApp Accounts , and much more. . There is no need to pay to download whatsapp mod apk. GB whatsapp mod apk is totally free. This app is genuine is not a virus. You can simply download it from our website. These feature of whatsapp mod apk cannot be seen in official version of whatsapp. The latest July version of whatsapp mod apk is available in our website. There are a lot of Mods Apk available on the internet. Many people find GBwhatsapp download for android mobile because of more user-friendly & their features. Update New Version WhatsApp GB published July 202

Understanding STG and LTG: Short Term Goals and Long Term Goals

To set a goal it is very important to understand STG(Short Term Goal) and LTG(Long Term Goal). Let's cover the goals in this articles today.      Some few points to set a goal in life and tips to achieve it. Step 01. Write STGs and LTG on a blank paper in the way given below. Step 02. Punch a date for completion of that goal. Step 03. Tag it to a place where it is visible to you in most of your time. Step 04. Share it with your friends and public. Step 05. Track record of your task performance.   Firstly let's get the clear concept of Short Term Goals and Long Term Goals;     STG stands for Short Term Goals, these are the goals which are directly responsible for the achievement of our main goal. We can say it as the division of main goal. It is important to set short term goals to become more confident and experienced. It is not possible to become successful in a single night. To become successful we need to pain ourselves and be patient. We need to take a d

Rajrmsa Raj Shaala Darpan | Shala Darpan Staff Corner | Know everything

Rajrmsa Shala Darpan , is an educational electronic content site(e-content). This site is launched by the government of Rajasthan. Due to the spread of Coronavirus India is tackling lockdown for many days and PM also hits from the lockdown extension. Schools are being closed for a long time. So government had taken a step to provide education material to the students at their home. As PM Narendra Modi promise to make digital india.      Shala Darpan goes viral in recent days as it's official website is launched and announced by CM of Rajasthan Sh. Ashok Gehlot and by Sh. Govind Sing Dotasara(Hon'ble State Minister (Pri. & Sec. Education) Government of Rajasthan.  Shala Darpan web portal is available on the link www.rajshaladarpan.nic.in To get full services and access to the content of Shala Darpan you need to login to the website. Login username and password will be provided by school. This website is written in Hindi language. Because most of the Indian stu

Task Mate Referral Code Generator

Google is testing task mate app in India which is only available to the limited users only. The only way to get access to task mate is to get a referral code from google but it is impossible to get a referral code from google. Because google created very strict ploicy about this app, you will not find any referral code from any website. But we provide you a referral code with our best referral code generator. This generator makes 200 referral codes in one hour please try again if you got an error message for first time. Sometimes our codes doesn't works, this is due to google strong policy about task mate, so be patient with us and try again to get a new code for you. Click on the link given below to get your code. Click Here

How to Add Post To Featured Snippet: Tips You Need to Know

Hi guys, It's a happier day for me. I got good news(not that😁) from Google Search Console, a mail about one of my post. Today I will tell you how one of my post goes viral and added to featured snippet by google search engine. I was really amazed when I got this news. I want to share it with you. The secrets through which I ranked my post to No. 01. If you are a beginner in blogging, I really suggest you to  know this trick. This trick will be helpful for you. These are the tricks: Give Time to Your Blog Share your personal experience Make Something Attractive In Your Blog Write Sky-crapper Content(Recommended) Shafiq Hub Featured Post | Screenshot     There are many things you need to know whenever you type a post like: purpose of post, length, keywords volume, search volume, category, description,.............etc. These are very necessary things you should include and think while writing. But today I am not intended to tell you these boring theorie

Diksha/Nistha Answers for Course JK Health And Well Being In Schools

Teachers Training Diksha/Nistha 2020 The order of question on diksha app may differ from the order given below. Please don't click multiple answers simultaneously as it my give you wrong answer. Activity: Change In Children Q.01:- Can concentrate for a longer period Girls Boys Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.02:- Enjoying friend's company more Boys Girls Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.03:- Becoming taller Girls Boys Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.04:-Become more brave and more shy Girls Boys Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.05:- Sweat More Girls Boys Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.06:-Facial hairs begins to appear Girls Boys Both girls and boys Click Here to Get Answer Q.07:- Broadening of shoulders Girls Boys Both girls and boys